Building Highly-Available Windows Infrastructure: Command-line Style

Several months ago Windows Server 2016 was released. With this release Microsoft has made two significant changes in Windows Server installation options:

  • Nano Server was introduced
  • Server with a GUI now includes desktop experience features (it is even called “Server with Desktop Experience”) and there is no supported way to remove them. This should force IT Administrators to deploy Server Core more broadly.

Looks like now is a good time to stop thinking about Windows Server as a GUI based system and pivot your management approach to be more command-line.
This post is the first in a series of how to build your own highly-available Windows infrastructure using just PowerShell and some other command-line tools. I plan to discuss the following components:

  • Active Directory Domain Services,
  • Active Directory Certificate Services,
  • Desired State Configuration,
  • Key Management Services,
  • DHCP,
  • SCDPM,
  • SCCM,
  • Exchange Server,
  • And, possibly, S4B Server, as well.

I am not able to deploy Hyper-V hosts yet, as all my infrastructure is purely virtual and the host machine, sadly, is running Windows Server 2012 R2 and currently it is impossible for me to upgrade it.

All PowerShell code will not use any hardcoded values. Instead, at the beginning of each post, I shall include a set of variables which will allow you to easily recreate the infrastructure in your environment w/o any change in the code.

The first part is already here! Building Highly-Available Windows Infrastructure: Command-line Style. AD DS. Part 1 — Installation

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